PRINCIPAL PRESENTATIONS, WORKSHOPS, AND INVITED ADDRESSES
“Le trans* corps de la pulsion de mort” SIPP, Société Internationale de Psychanalyse et Philosophie, Université Paris-Sorbonne, April 5-6, 2018.
“Ghetto Pride and Psychoanalytic Prejudice.” Duke University LSGS 10th Anniversary Conference, Program in Latino/a Studies in the Global South, March 22-23, 2018.
“Trans* Psychoanalysis: A New Discipline?” Center for Modern Psychoanalytic Studies, New York, Invited Speaker: Extension Division Presentation, March 16, 2018.
Graduate Level Intensive Seminar, Invited Distinguished Guest Scholar, Department of Comparative Literature, Yunnan University, Kunming China, March 4-9, 2018.
“Lacan, Psychoanalysis, and Comedy” Lacan School, SF Bay Area Lacan School, March 3, 2018.
"Trans Psychoanalysis and Livable Embodiments". Berkeley Psychoanalytic Society. Invited lecture. March 3, 2018.
“Trans-Alive-Dead: Sexuation’s Anti-Oedipal Drive” Lacan School, SF Bay Area Lacan School, March 2, 2018.
“Trans Desire: From the First Death to the Second Death.” Keynote Presentation. “Livable Embodiments” Center for Lacanian Psychoanalysis, Auckland University of Technology (AUT). Auckland, New Zealand, February 23-25, 2018.
“From Gender Trouble to Livable Embodiments”, “Writing the Body: Theory of the Sinthome,” “Depathologizing Trans: A Critical Analysis of Lacan’s and Millot’s Analyses of Transgender Cases,” Graduate Studies Course, Duquesne University, Department of Psychology November 3, 4, 5, 2017.
“Working Through the Late Lacan, Lacan's Last Experiment with Psychoanalysis: His Madness or Our Refusal?” Psychoanalytic Studies Center, Emory University, September 30, 2017. “Transgender Embodiments” Psychoanalytic Studies Center, Emory University, October 1, 2017
The Unbejection’s Presentorsion Discustshine of Shock Lacan’s Famisslie Diffuckult Teckst: L’ETOURDIT, Unbehagen. New School for Social Research, September 23, 2017.
“Trans-alive-dead: Sexuation’s Antioedipal Drive” Sexuation and Identities: II Simpósio Interamericano da Internacional dos Fóruns do Campo Lacaniano. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September 8, 2017.
“A psicanálise está preparada para a mudança de sexo?” Invited Lecture: Seminário Identidade de gênero e transsexualidades- psicanálise e teoria queer. Universidade Vega da Almeida - Campus Barra da Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro Brazil, September 2, 2017
“Conversion Disorder: Colonial Trauma and the ‘Souls’ of the Barrio” Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Trauma: On the Fragmentation and Restoration of the Human Soul, Fordham University, April 21, 2017.
Workshop on Lacan's L’Étourdit , with Jamieson Webster and Marcus Coelen, The Lacanian School of the San Francisco Bay Area, California Institute for Integral Studies, San Francisco, March 25, 2017
Fashion Victims: Dressing Up the Death Drive (with Jamieson Webster), Symposium at Psychoanalytic Institute of Northern California, San Francisco, March 24, 2017
Lacan On Madness, (with Manya Steinkoler) Psychanalyse et Transferts Culturels, Cycle de conférences à la Maison de l'Amérique Latine, Paris, March 15, 2017.
Jaywalking: Is Psychoanalysis Ready for a Transition? SITE London, Freud Museum, London, March 11-12, 2017
NOBODIMENT: From Botched Bodies to Making Life Livable, Guest Speaker at the Humanities Center of the Johns Hopkins University, December 1, 2016.
Invited Lecture: Body Trouble: From the Myth of Oedipus to the Phallus and Beyond, MICA, November 30, 2016
“Signed N.O. Body: Writing the Body” 9th Meeting of the SIPP-ISPP, Any Body-Anybody: The Matter of the Unconscious, New School, New York, November 10-12, 2016
"Is a Trans-History of Psychoanalysis Possible?" Transgender Identities: Transference and Countertransference, Institute for Psychoanalytic Training and Research in New York, October 23, 2016.
"Psychoanalysis of Misery, Misery of Psychoanalysis" Guest Speaker, Scientific Meeting, Cleveland Psychoanalytic Center, October 14, 2016.
"I had to become a man to know I wasn’t one". Invited guest speaker. Hysteria Today Conference, CFAR (Center for Freudian Analysis and Research) Regents College, London, July 9, 2016.
"Botched Bodies: The Invention of Gender and the Construction of Sex." Invited lecture. On the Body Symposium, The Association for Psychoanalytic Medicine, Columbia University for Psychoanalytic Training and Research, Mount Sinai Hospital, NY, May 5-6, 2016.
“Psychoanalysis Needs a Sex Change.” Invited lecture, Princeton University Psychoanalysis Reading Group, Princeton University, February 15, 2016.
“What we can learn from transgender about sexual and social differences” Weekend Workshop. The South East Florida Association for Psychoanalytic Psychology, Florida, November 7-8, 2015.
Discussant for David Eng’s “Race as Relation” lecture. Elisabeth Young-Bruehl Memorial Lecture, Institute for Psychoanalytic Training and Research (IPTAR), October 24, 2015.
"Changing Sex, Changing Psychoanalysis”, Lecture, The Psychoanalytic Training Institute of The Contemporary Freudian Society, Mt. Sinai Medical Center, NYC, September 18, 2015.
“Plasticité du genre et vicissitudes du sexe” International conference, UFR Etudes Psychanalytiques, Genre, norms, psychanalyse. Critique et innovation. Paris, June 26-27, 2015.
“Terror and the Unconscious: Psychoanalysis in Argentina 1976-1983” On Violence: Civilization and its Blisscontents. Fordham University Lincoln Center Campus, May 1-3, 2015.
“Fashion Victims: Dressing Up the Death Drive” (with Jamieson Webster), The Laws of Fashion: Between Transgression and Compliance, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, New York City, April 26, 2015.
“Limits of Freudian Theory: Class and Gender,” Guest lecture, University of Pennsylvania, April 16, 2015.
“Reinventing Psychoanalysis in Philadelphia’s Barrio”, Lecture, New School of Social Research, New York, April 9, 2015.
Invited Lecture; “Beautiful Darlings: From Aristophanes Myth to Today’s Transgender” MICA, Baltimore, March 24, 2015.
Workshop: Issues of Sex and Gender in All About Father: Psychoanalysis, the Oedipus Complex, and the Modern Family Conference, University of Pennsylvania, March 22, 2015.
“Psychoanalysis and Poverty: No Small Change”, Invited Lecture, The Colloquium Series, MIP Multicultural Committee, The Manhattan Institute for Psychoanalysis, March 20, 2015.
“Without History: Experiments with Clinical Case Presentations.” Unbehagen: A Free Association for Psychoanalysis, with Muriel Dimen, Patricia Gherovici, David Lichtenstein, New School for Social Research, NY, January 10, 2015.
Workshop on Lacan’s L’Étourdit with the participation of Barbara Cassin, Monique David-Ménard, Christian Duncker, Patricia Gherovici, Patrick Guyomard, Claire Nioche, Jamieson Webster, International Society for Psychoanalysis and Philosophy, SIPP-ISPP, Ludwig University, Munich, December 3-6, 2014.
“The Puerto Rican Syndrome: When Otherness Attacks”, CULTURE and PSYCHIATRY, Mid-Atlantic Regional Conference, Psychiatry Student Interest Group Network, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, November 8, 2014.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O1xa0-qkCuA
“The Future of Sex: Beautiful Difference and Polymorphous Plasticity”, Panel: Psychoanalysis and Sex and Gender Today, Psychoanalysis on Ice, Harpa Conference Center, Reykjavik Iceland, 9-12 October 2014.
« Born this way » : l’Amérique à l’épreuve du transgender" Invited Lecturer, Colloquium On Gender and Psychoanalysis, Genre & Psychanalyse
La différence des sexes en question, Université Aix-Marseille, Aix-en-Provence, June 6-7, 2014.
"Plastic Sex? The Beauty of It!", Lecture, Symposium"What is Sex?" UB Center for the Study of Psychoanalysis & Culture Symposium, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, April 25, 2014.
"Let's Beat Up the Poor", Guest Lecturer, Symposium: Psychoanalysis in El Barrio, New School for Social Research and IPTAR, New York, March 8, 2014.
Guest Lecturer, Austen Riggs, Sotckbridge, MA, "Gender in the Blender: How Transgender is Reorienting Clinical Practice",
"Nous sommes tous des Porto-Ricains". Lacan dans le ghetto. Lecture, Maison de L'Amérique Latine, Paris, France, November 18, 2013.
Presentation: "Sans foi ni loi : Psychanalyse et cinéma en Argentine," International conference organized by CRIMIC Paris, Sorbonne and Savoirs et cliniques Transferts cinéphiles. Le cinéma latino-américain et la psychanalyse, Paris, 15-17, November 2013 .
"Does Psychoanalysis Need a Sex Change?" Keynote Speaker. Philadelphia Society for Psychoanalytic Psychology Fall Meeting. Post-Graduate Center Widener University, Annual Fall Program in Collaboration with the 25th Widener University Annual Schulman Symposium, October 26, 2013.
“Laughing About Nothing,” On Laughter, APW Study Days, Fordham University, April 26-28, 2013.
“Neither Sex Nor Gender,” Steering Committee Invited Panel, Transgender Identities, Intersubjectivity, and Psychoanalysis, Annual Spring Meeting APA Division 39, Boston, April 25, 2013.
Invited Seminar: “Writing Gender, Spelling Trouble: From the sexual symptom to Lacan’s sinthome” Boston Study Group (BSLG), Brooklyn, Ma. April 24, 2013.
Keynote Speaker: “From Freud’s Waltz to Lacan’s Tango—Was Psychoanalysis a Transformation of Politics into Culture?” Latin American Contributions to Psychoanalysis: Preservation and Radical Transformations, The Diversity Committee of the Institute for Psychoanalytic Training and Reasearch (IPTAR) The Department of Clinical Psychology at the New School for Social Reasearch, March 16, 2013.
“Más allá del reconocimiento, la turbulencia. El psicoanálisis confrontado al transgenerismo” Conference “Conflicts, Limits, Recognition” 5th International Conference on Psychoanalysis and Philosophy of the International Society for Psychoanalysis and Philosophy (ISPP) / Société Internationale de Psychanalyse et Philosophie (SIPP) Universidad Diego Portales – Santiago, Chile – November 6-9, 2012.
Incorporating Social Responsibility into Clinical Practice at Various Phases of Professional Development: A Roundtable Conversation, Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Association for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society, Rutgers University, October 20, 2012.
Keynote Speaker: “Between Sex and Gender: Learning from Transgender” New Directions Program, Queering the Couch, Washington Center for Psychoanalysis, October 12-14, 2012.
“Ordinary and Extraordinary Madness”, On Madness, 10th Annual Conference of Affiliated Psychoanalytic Workgroups, St. Louis University, October 5-7, 2012.
Keynote Speaker “Sigmund in the Barrio: How Can Psychoanalysis Deal with Race?” Event cosponsored by the Robert Penn Warren Center for the Humanities, Afro-Hispanic Review, Department of Philosophy, Department of French and Italian, Department of Spanish and Portuguese, and the Department of English. Vanderbilt University, October 3, 2012.
Invited Address, Dublin Pride, "Psychoanalysis Needs a Sex Change" Wood Quay Venue, Dublin City Council Civic Offices, June 25, 2012.
“Clinic of the Clinamen: The Materiality of the Symptom” Reading Seminar 22 (RSI) Association for Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy in Ireland and APW, Independent College Dublin, June 23-24, 2013.
“Techknots: From Symptom to Sinthome, a Clinical Voyage” The Art of Madness, APW Study Days, Fordham University, April 27-29, 2012.
“Clinamen, tourbillons, noeuds: matiere et manienre du nouage transsexuel” Jacques Lacan, Metialiste, Colloquium organized by Savoirs et Clinique and CRIMIC Paris-Sorbonne, March 16-18, 2012.
Invited Address, “Ghetto Pride and Psychoanalytic Prejudice” Lecture, St Louis Psychoanalytic Society, March 2, 2012.
“Psychoanalysis Needs a Sex Change” Seminar, The Center for the Study of Psychoanalysis and Culture, University at Buffalo, November 16, 2011.
“Doing Things With Words: Ghetto Pride and Psychoanalytic Prejudice,” Lecture, University At Buffalo Humanities Institute, November 15, 2011.
“The Politics of 'Associated' Madness: Psychoanalysis in the Barrio” Critical Refusals, International Herbert Marcuse Society, Fourth Biennal Conference, University of Pennsylvania, October 27, 2011.
“Fail Better: Lacan's Symptom,” Affiliated Psychoanalytic Workgroups, Clinical Study Weekend on Jacques Lacan’s Seminar 24: Love is the Failure of the Unbewoops, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, October 8-9, 2011
“Presentación del libro El Síndrome Puertorriqueño” Lecture, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico City, June 1, 2011.
“Beyond pity and without fear: Affect in psychoanalysis” The Proper Place of Affects in Psychoanalysis: From Freud to Lacan, Fifht English Speaking Seminar, Washington DC, April 9, 2011.
“Neither Sex Nor Gender,” Lecture, Graduate Program in Women's Studies, York University, Toronto, April 4, 2011.
Sexuation: Encounters with Sexuality, A Symposium on Lacan, Trans studies, and Queer Theory, organized by Speaking of Lacan Psychoanalytic Group and The Sexuality Studies Program at York University, Toronto, April 2, 2011.
“Psychoanalysis Has a Sex Problem,” The Psychoanalytic Institute of Northern California, Visiting Scholar, Community Open Lecture and Candidates Seminar, San Francisco, March 19-20, 2011.
“Una mujer con pene y testículos: ¿cuerpos sin órganos? ¿órganos sin cuerpo?” Diálogo de Lenguas y Culturas, XVI Congreso Interamericano de Filosofía, Mazatlán, Mexico, November 29, 2010.
“Freud and Lacan in the Barrio: Clinical Work with Marginalized Populations,” The Edward H. Knight Fund Public Lecture, New Orleans Psychoanalytic Center, November 19, 2010.
Mini-course: Being a psychoanalyst at the margins: Clinical work with marginalized populations, Dusquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA, November 5-7, 2010.
“The Ghettoization of Psychoanalysis” Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Association for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society, "Psychoanalysis and Social Justice", Rutgers University, October 22, 2010.
“Sexual Change: Social Change?”, Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Association for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society, "Psychoanalysis and Social Justice", Rutgers University, October 22, 2010.
“Lacan: Lack End?” Panel: Not with a Bang! In the End is My Beginning, The Ends of Analysis, APW Conference 2010, Alliance Francaise, San Francisco, October 8-10, 2010.
“Sigmund in the Barrio: A Psychoanalyst’s Experience in Inner-City Philadelphia.” Lecture Corpo Freudiano Escola de Psicanalise, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 24, 2010.
“Hey Honey, Take a Walk on the Wild Side: Transgenderism Has Something New to Teach Psychoanalysts About Sexual Difference.” Meet the Author. Division 39, Spring Meeting 2010, Chicago, April 24, 2010.
“Please Select Your Gender,” Gender and Sexuality Lecture, Bryn Mawr College, March 24, 2010.
“Towards A Clinic of Transsexual Jouissance”, The Association for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society, 2009 Annual Conference: Psychoanalysis, Economy, and Limits, Rutgers University: October 9-10, 2009.
“Does A Father Need to be a Man? Pousse a la femme and Transsexualist Jouissance” Invited speaker to the Fourth Paris English Lacan Seminar organized by the Research Group for Clinical Formation in the Lacanian Field, Sexuality and the Unconscious, Lacan in English, Paris, France. June 25-27, 2009.
“A Lacanian Discussion of Clinical Cases” Invited speaker to the Lacan Seminar at the New York Psychoanalytic Society and Institute, May 15, 2009.
“Psychoanalytic Work With Homeless Adults: Relational and Lacanian Perspectives.” Panel. Division 39, Spring Meeting 2009, San Antonio, April 24, 2009.
“A Lacanian Live Supervision” Invited guest to offer live supervision for a case presentation by Wilfried Ver Eecke at the New York Freudian Psychoanalytic Institute in Washington D.C., January 31, 2009.
“The Transsexual Body Written: Writing as Sinthome” Paper read at the Psychoanalysis and Literature Conference, Jadavpur Univeristy, Calcutta, India. December 3-4, 2007.
“The Fall into Femininity, or What Was Sidonie Acting Out?” Paper read at theThird Paris English Lacan Seminar "On Anxiety" organized by the Formations Cliniques du Champ Lacanien, Research Group Lacan in English, Paris, France. June 28-30, 2007.
“Racism and Sexuation: Tales from the Other Side” Paper read at the Psychoanalysis & the Strategies of Resistance Conference, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ April 8-9, 2006.
“Bulimia: Between Phobia and Addiction” Paper read at the APW On Addiction Conference, University of West Georgia, Carrollton, GA, March 9-12, 2006.
"The Psychoanalytic Wager and the Democratization of Transgenderism" Paper read at the Second Paris English Lacan Seminar "On Ethics" organized by the Formations Cliniques du Champ Lacanien, Research Group Lacan in English, Paris, France. June 30-July 2, 2005
"When Nationalities Become Pathologies: From Arctic Hysteria to the Puerto Rican Syndrome" Paper read at the Puerto Rican Studies Association, Annual Meeting,New York, USA. October 21-23, 2005
"Citizens of a Symptom" Paper presented in the panel "Psychoanalysis and the Political: Subjectivity and Citizenship" Modern Language Association (MLA) Annual Convention. December 30, 2004.
"The Democratization of Transgenderism" Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Association for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society, "Psychoanalysis and Democracy", Columbia University, Oct 15-17, 2004
New York, USA.
"Rich Anger: Ghettorics of Hysteria" Paper read at the Latin American Studies Association, LASA Annual Convention, Las Vegas, USA. October 7-8, 2004.
"Is Heterosexuality a Symptom?" Paper read at the Affiliated Psychoanalytic Workgroups Sixth Annual Conference, "Working with the Symptom", Omaha, USA. September 24-26, 2004
Reunión Lacanoamericana de Psicoanálisis de Tucumán. Presentación: “Existe una teoría específicamente Lacaniana sobre la histeria?” Tucumán, Oct. 22-25, 2003.
Duquesne University: The Fifth Annual Conference of Affiliated Psychoanalytic Groups. Fundamental Fantasies: Ecrits and After. “Permanent Union: A Foundational Fantasy”. Pittsburg, May 16-18, 2003.
The American Psychoanalytic Association: “Transference and Countertransference: A Lacanian Perspective” Part 2. New York Hotel Waldorf-Astoria. January 22-24, 2003.
University of Pennsylvania. Eighth Annual International Conference on Psychoanalysis and Social Change: Emotions. "Mad Isn't Mad: Anger and Justice: The Politics of Anger" Philadelphia Oct. 25-27, 2002.
The American Psychoanalytic Association 91st annual meeting. “A Lacanian Approach to a Clinical Case”. Philadelphia, May, 2002.
The American Psychoanalytic Association “Transference and Countertransference: A Lacanian Perspective”. New York Hotel Waldorf-Astoria. December 19-23, 2001.
Rutgers University, Association for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society,
Seventh Annual Conference on Psychoanalysis and Social Issues. “Yo! Spic Lacan: The Hispanic Other” “Rich Anger: The Beauty of the Puerto Rican Syndrome”, New Brunswick. Nov. 9-11, 2001.
109th. Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association. Symposium: “Desire, Psychosexuality, and Symbol—Or Why the French?” “Lacanian Hysteria as model of Human Desire”, San Francisco. August 24-28, 2001.
University of New York in Albany: APW Third Annual Conference. “The Rat-Man’s Anger”. May 4-6, 2001.
University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. Interpretation of Dreams, Dreams of Interpretation. “Freud’s Dream of America”, Oct. 5-7, 2000.
Taller del Discurso Analítico, Puerto Rico. International Conference. Universidad del Sagrado Corazón en San Juan de Puerto Rico. “A Thousand and One Plateaus: Freud, Lacan, and Deleuze.” December 3, 1999.
Association for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society 1999 Conference: Social Symptoms Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research, Teachers College, New York. Oct. 29-31, 1999. “Unbehagen: Cultures in conflict”.
Reunión Lacanoamericana de Psicoanálisis, 1999. “Biblioteca del Congreso, videoteca de la agresión: un catálogo del conflicto”, Rosario. July 28-31, 1999.
Fordham University. IFPE (International Federation for Psychoanalytic Education). November 6-8, 1998, New York. "How will the body speak in the 21st Century?” Latino Hystories, Fordham University, New York. Nov. 5-8. 1998.
University of Pennsylvania: International Conference: Turn of the Century--End of Analysis? Jacques Lacan’s Legacy and the Twenty -First Century. A Century of Resistances to Psychoanalysis. Philadelphia, April 3-5, 1998.
International Conference : Psicoanálisis, cultura y bilingüismo, Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Puerto Rico y el Caribe , San Juan, Puerto Rico, “Clínica del Imposible: Una Philadelphia Story”, Puerto Rico. Feb. 28-March 1, 1998.
Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto Universitario de Mayagüez, “Psicoanálisis resistible e irresistible”. Mayagüez, Puerto Rico. Feb. 27, 1998.
George Washington University, Third Annual Conference APCS: Psychoanalysis and Social Change: Agressivity and Violence. “Ataque: Defensive Violence?”.Washington DC. Nov. 6-8, 1997.
Reunión Lacanoamericana de Psicoanálisis de Bahía. “Mens Prozac in Corpore Xanax”, San Salvador de Bahía, Brasil. August 27-30 1997.
Columbia University, International Conference "On Sexuation". "Genitality and Sexuality”, New York, April 11-13, 1997.
George Washington University, Second Anual APCS Conference: Psychoanalysis and Social Change: Racism. “La Raza, Psychoanalysis and Losing (the) Race”, Washington D.C. November 7-10, 1996.
Coloquio Internacional de la Fundación del Campo Lacaniano. (Buenos Aires)
La resistencia al psicoanálisis. Una posición ante el síntoma: pragmatismo y psicoanálisis. "Que Freud se pudra: dialéctica de la contra-resistencia".
Agust 2- 4, 1996.
16th Meeting of the Division of Psychoanalysis (39) of the American Psychological Association. Waldorf- Astoria, New York. Psychoanalysis: a creative journey. Panel: Jacques Lacan and the Freudian Century: Re-readings. "Return to Klein: A Lacanian Re-reading." April 17- 21, 1996.
George Washington University, First Annual Conference of APCS. Psychoanalysis and Postcolonialism: Nation, Identity, and Self .Panel: Psychoanalysis and Marginalities. "The Ghetto's Sublime Hysterics", October 12-14, 1995.
Reunión Lacanoamericana de Psicoanálisis de Buenos Aires. "La dimensión clínica está totalmente ausente; Triunfo de un fracaso: Neolacanismo en los Estados Unidos". August 9 -12 ,1995.
Coloquio Internacional de la Fundación del Campo Lacaniano. (Buenos Aires)
1895-1995 Estudios sobre la histeria. "Recuerdos del futuro: histeria, raza y el ghetto hispano". August 4- 6,1995.
Coloquio Internacional de la Fundación del Campo Lacaniano. (Buenos Aires)
El cuerpo: El psicoanálisis frente al orden biológico. "Abuso de la inocencia". August 20- 22, 1993.
Philadelphia Lacan Study Group and Seminar. Kelly Writers House, University of Pennsylvania. Ongoing seminar.
The Philadelphia Lacan Study Group & Seminar has been meeting since 1990 as an open seminar devoted to the discussion of Lacan's main ideas and their application to broader clinical, social, and cultural issues. We also coordinate several cartels and reading groups which engage theoretical problems, clinical presentations, and psychoanalytic cultural critique.